All content for the theme: Bangladesh

Equitable Resilience in Local Institutions

Equitable Resilience in Local Institutions

ERLI looks at how resilience practice plays out ‘on-the-ground’ through in-depth and qualitative case studies of nine local institutions in Bangladesh. 

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The business case for private sector investments in climate solutions. Cropped infographic.

The business case for private sector investment in climate solutions

This paper outlines the business case for private sector action on climate change in Bangladesh and the opportunities this presents, including accessing new sources of finance.

 

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Mitigation: Bangladesh proposes an unconditional 5%, or 12 MtCO2e, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions for the business as usual scenario in the power, transport, and industry sectors, by 2030. With international support, it pledges a total reduction of 15%, or 36 MtCO2e, from the business as usual scenario, in the power, transport, and industry sectors, by 2030. This will be accomplished by establishing energy management and auditing systems for industry, establishing energy efficiency standards and labeling, deploying off-grid solar technology, increasing investment in rail travel infrastructure, encouraging liquid petroleum gas for cooking, increase composting and improve waste management, supporting reforesting and afforestation, and encouraging low-emissions agriculture. Adaptation: For Bangladesh, Climate change adaptation is urgent, a goal it has been pursuing for some time, and an effort that requires additional external funding and technical support. Adaptation priorities include: improving early warming for natural disasters and climate events; encouraging disaster preparedness and constructing disaster shelters; developing climate resilient infrastructures, communications, and housing; river training and dredging; encouraging stress tolerant agriculture; and addressing the health impacts of climate change. All of these actions will depend on further research and increasing the capacity of individuals and institutions to adapt to climate change. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


Bangladesh's NDC-SDG Connections

Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change. Bangladesh is a country in South Asia with high population density, low lying areas, rivers running throughout its territory, and significant vulnerability to natural disasters and extreme climate events. The country is one of the least developed globally, highly dependent on the agricultural sector. These physical and economic characteristics of Bangladesh predispose it to negative climate change impacts. Bangladesh is facing both an urgent need to adapt to climate change, as well as the challenge of mitigating emissions while achieving needed economic growth and providing for its population's socioeconomic needs.

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=BGD

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/BD.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/bangladesh
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/BGD
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=BGD

SDG Voluntary National Review

2017 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/bangladesh

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

SDG Tracker: Bangladesh's Development Mirror - http://www.sdg.gov.bd/#1
World Bank Overview - https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/bangladesh
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/BGD

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Bangladesh does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions reporting can be found within this report -https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/TNC%20Report%20%28Low%20...

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=53149&cid=14
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=40155&cid=14
National Plan for Disaster Management 2010-2015 - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=16676&cid=14

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

NAMA Rail Bangladesh - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
For recently added action check here - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/bangladesh-climate-change-str...
National Adaptation Programme of Action - https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/napa/ban01.pdf

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

REDD+ Draft Readiness Roadmap - https://www.unredd.net/documents/un-redd-partner-countries-181/asia-the-...
National Report on Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting Programme (Convention to Combat Desertification) - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/ldn_targets/2019-05/Bang...
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/bd/bd-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

Seventh Five Year Plan FY2016-FY2020 "Accelerating Growth, Empowering Citizens" - https://policy.asiapacificenergy.org/node/2443
Perspective Plan of Bangladesh 2010-2021 - http://nda.erd.gov.bd/en/c/publication/perspective-plan-of-bangladesh-20...
Bangladesh Vision 2021 - https://cpd.org.bd/bangladesh-vision-2021/
National Sustainable Development Strategy (2010-2021) - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-sustainable-developm...
Climate Fiscal Framework - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/climate-fiscal-framework/
National Water Policy 1999 - http://nda.erd.gov.bd/en/c/publication/national-water-policy-1999
Coastal Zone Policy 2005 - http://lib.pmo.gov.bd/legalms/pdf/Costal-Zone-Policy-2005.pdf
Disaster Management Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/disaster-management-act/
Renewable Energy Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/renewable-energy-policy/
Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/sustainable-and-renewable-ene...
Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan up to 2030 - http://www.sreda.gov.bd/d3pbs_uploads/files/policy_2_energy_efficiency_a...
Action Plan for Energy Efficiency and Conservation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/action-plan-for-energy-effici...
Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission Act 2003 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-bangladesh-energy-regulat...
Policy Guidelines for Small Power Plants in the Private Sector - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/bangladesh/name-46290-en.php
Bangladesh Climate Change and Gender Action Plan - https://www.climatelinks.org/sites/default/files/asset/document/2013_IUC...

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/bangladesh/

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing participation in REDD+ Programming - http://www.bd.undp.org/content/bangladesh/en/home/projects/un-redd-bangl...
Financing ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation - https://www.thegef.org/project/ecosystem-based-approaches-adaptation-eba...
Financing low carbon development - https://www.thegef.org/project/promoting-low-carbon-urban-development-ba...
Financing afforestation and addressing coastal vulnerability to climate change - https://www.thegef.org/project/community-based-adaptation-climate-change...
Financing capacity building for vulnerable communities and community members - https://www.greenclimate.fund/projects/fp069

National Trust Fund

Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund - https://www.adaptation-undp.org/partners/bangladesh-climate-change-resil...
Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-climate-change-trust-fund...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Climate Investment Funds - https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/country/bangladesh
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Bangladesh receives climate funding from the Least Developed Countries Fund, the Green Climate Fund, the UN-REDD Programme, the Global Climate Change Alliance, and the Global Environmental Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Bangladesh Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability - https://www.preventionweb.net/files/574_10370.pdf
Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/bangladesh
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/bgd/

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewable Energy: Prospects and Trends in Bangladesh - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310791698_Renewable_energy_Pros...
Benefits of Low Emission Development Strategies: The case of clean energy policies in Bangladesh - http://ledsgp.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/GIP01815_LEDS_RALI_Banglade...
How do Enterprises Benefit from Grid Connection?: The Case of Rural Electrification in Bangladesh - http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/590261563432108752/How-Do-Ente...
Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/Bangladesh/

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/country-profile/bangladesh/
Bangladesh National UN-REDD Programme Overview - https://www.unredd.net/regions-and-countries/asia-pacific/bangladesh.html

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Livelihood Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Drought-Prone areas of Bangladesh - http://www.fao.org/3/a-a0820e.pdf
Adaptation and Development: Livelihoods and Climate Change in Subarnabad Bangladesh - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228363724_Adaptation_and_develo...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Bangladesh's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/TNC%20Report%20%28Low%20...
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25659&cid=14

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=Bangladesh

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources - https://cdkn.org/regions/bangladesh/?loclang=en_gb

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/malaysia

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/23-bangladesh

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=BGD

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://cpdb.wmo.int/bangladesh

<span class="isdb-tag">Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> REDD+</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Deforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span>

Country tags

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